Honors College Courses
Honors Academic Courses
Honors University Core
Student can earn honors credit by taking the Honors version of their required University Core courses.
Example: Students can take Honors World Literature before 1600 as their required core literature course or Honors Calculus I as their required core math course.
*Please note that Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate, CLEP, ACT/SAT, and dual-enrollment credits while accepted as Auburn credits will not be accepted as Honors College credits.*
Students may choose to complete the Honors version of major specific, departmental courses.
Example: Student who are required by their major, or minor, to take Organic Chemistry can opt to take the Honors version of Organic Chemistry or students who are majoring or minoring in a business based field can take Honors Principles of Accounting to fill a requirement while receiving honors credit.
*Please note that some courses have prerequisites.*
Interdisciplinary core courses offered by the Honors College are specialized classes available to Honors students each semester. These classes are distinguished from traditional courses by utilizing a strong emphasis on cultivating new methods of thinking and communicating ideas. These interdisciplinary core courses involve engaging and enriching class discussions requiring in-depth thinking and reasoning. As part of Auburn University’s land grant mission these classes impart the knowledge, skills, and values so essential to education and the creation of responsible citizens on both a local and global scale.
Example: Student who take Technology and Culture I & II examine the intersections of technology and culture in a variety of social, historical, and professional contexts. Students explore how humans use technology to shape their environment, discuss how technologies are understood and used by diverse people around the globe, investigate the forces behind technological and cultural change, and study the relationship between technology and science.
Honors Study and Travel
Honors Study and Travel, HONR 3087, is a course designed to inform students about a specific country abroad or a region within the United States. Students study the culture and history of the destination throughout the semester and then travel to that destination as the culminating experience for the course.
Example: History professor, Dr. Sippial, taught a small group of honors student about Cuban culture and history. Once the semester ended, the students took a trip to Cuba to explore the subject matters they studied during the regular semester. This a great opportunity to study abroad if you want to go on a shorter trip or you have a curriculum that doesn’t allow you to be off campus for a whole semester.
Honors Seminars, HONR 3007, are taught in small discussion groups similar to graduate courses. Students are not required to have a background in the topic, only possess an interest in the material. Seminar topics vary and are announced each semester. These courses count towards graduation as elective hours.
Example: The Global Citizenship course focuses on students discovering the answer to “what does it mean to be a global citizen?”
Honors Research Seminars
Honors Research Seminars, HONR 3987, provide Honors students with a research experience under the close supervision of an Auburn faculty member. The course is designed to enable a faculty member to mentor a number of students who are working on collaborative research. Research Seminar course topics vary and are announced each semester.
Examples: Marine Research students enjoyed the opportunity to research in and out of the lab live coral reef organisms (sea anemones, shrimps, fishes) from the Caribbean Sea. During spring break, these students take a trip to the Florida keys to conduct field surveys, and go on snorkeling trips to collect samples of the organizms they have been researching. The only prerequisite for this class is General Biology. Most students who take this class are not science based majors.
Human Genomics and Personalized Medicine, lead by one of Auburn’s Anatomy, Physiology and Pharmacology professors, is another popular research seminar. Students have the unique opportunity to learn more about the human genome. This course is great for any students who are pursuing in professional health degrees.
Honors Contract Courses
Honors Contracts enable students to earn credit by incorporating an Honors component within a regularly offered class. This is a great way to customize your Honors experience, form a relationship with your professors, and get the most out of your major or minor classes. Completion of the Honors Contract form with faculty member and department head approval is required and must be submitted by the 15th day of class. Courses that may be contracted include:
- A core course that cannot be taken as Honors due to a scheduling conflict or lack of an Honors version.
- A course required to complete the student’s College Curriculum Model.
Honors Participation Courses
Honors Freshmen Exploration, HONR 1077
The Freshmen Exploration course introduces students to Auburn University and the Honors College. Each week, guest speakers present topics relevant to Honors students. Some of the topics discussed include Study Abroad, campus involvement, course registration, National Prestigious Scholarships, service learning, and more.
Every semester the Honors College offers Honors Lyceum classes on varying topics. Always in high demand, the Honors Lyceum provides Honors students with an open forum for discussion of current events, international affairs, and controversial issues. Subject matter for the course varies from semester to semester, but has recently focused on such issues as: world hunger, the reform of undergraduate education in the United States, service learning, faculty research on the Auburn campus, and cultural learning experiences.
Examples: Project Horseshoe Farms Tutoring is a remote tutoring program where honors students tutor middle schoolers from Greensboro, Alabama in math and reading via skype. The honors students are paired with the same middle schooler every week in an effort to make an impactful connection, all while helping the student with their academic pursuits.
Times on Tuesday is another honors lyceum for students interested in current events. Each week the students read the New York Times and come together for discussion on the week’s biggest topics.
Honors Book Club
During the semester students typically read two to three books and actively participate in class discussions.
These classes are typically taught by higher administers and faculty on campus who come from all disciplines of the University. The books read are hand-picked by the instructor and are usually more contemporary.
Students enrolled in the Forum course select a minimum of ten campus lectures, films, and performances from a pre-approved list to attend. The events span a wide range of subjects and students submit a reflective essay after each event attended.
This class is a great way for students to engage in the vast array of opportunities provided by the University and its partners while earning honors credit.
Honors Senior Year Experiences
Students work with a departmental professor in their major or minor to complete a project of their choosing.
Typically, students will participate in honors research their junior or senior year. For majors that require research, you can take the honors version of research and meet both your requirement and receive honors credit.
Students work with a departmental professor in their major or minor to complete a project of their choosing and produce a written document or oral presentation.
Honors thesis is a wonderful option for any student who wants the experience of writing an undergraduate thesis. Writing a thesis benefits both students preparing to attend professional or graduate school, as well as those entering directly into the workforce.
Honors Special Topics
Students work with a departmental professor in their major or minor to complete a project of their choosing. Honors Contract courses in the major field of study at the 4000-5000 level Students may contract courses in their major field of study by incorporating an Honors component within a regularly offered class.
This course is very similar to Honors Research. It gives students an opportunity to work one on one with a professor on a project that is interesting to them.
Graduate-level courses in the major field of study
Students who meet the required pre-requisites may take graduate-level courses within their field of study. A maximum of twelve of these hours may count towards both the student’s undergraduate and graduate degrees at Auburn University. These graduate courses tend to be 6000 level courses that bridge undergraduate and graduate level courses.
Course Listing | Spring 2019
*Click the for more information
|Description||Course #||Sec||CRN||Course Name||Day||Time||Lab Day||Lab Time||Credit Hrs||Professor||Type|
|This introduction to global art history teaches the basic concepts of visual analysis by discussing the historical, social, and political contexts of major themes in art history. Specific topics and emphases vary by instructor.||ARTS 1617||001||18061||Hon Intro to Art History||MW||0500-0615||3||Vries||Core|
|This introduction to global art history teaches the basic concepts of visual analysis by discussing the historical, social, and political contexts of major themes in art history. Specific topics and emphases vary by instructor.||ARTS 1617||EA2||18098||Hon Intro to Art History||TR||1230-0145||3||Sonik||Core|
|This course will focus on numerous elements of oral communication - public speaking, group communication and interpersonal communication. This is different from a typical speech class that focuses solely on public speaking. An emphasis will also be placed on debate (forensics).||COMM 1007||001||15513||Hon Public Speaking||TR||1230-0145||3||Johnson||Core|
|Economic principles emphasizing scarcity and choice, consumer behavior, supply and demand, markets, production and cost, globalization of markets, role of government, and market and government failure.||ECON 2027||2||13274||Hon Prin of Microeconomics||TR||1230-0145||3||Sophocleus||Core|
|Economic principles emphasizing economic aggregates, including measuring economic performance, macroeconomic theory, inflation and unemployment, money and banking, and fiscal and monetary policy.||ECON 2037||EA1||15740||Hon Prin of Macroeconomics||TR||0330-0445||3||Zhang||Core|
|English Composition Core. Emphasis on research.||ENGL 1127||001||10312||Hon Writing Seminar II||MWF||1000-1050||3||Walters||Core|
|English Composition Core. Emphasis on research.||ENGL 1127||002||17979||Hon Writing Seminar II||TR||1230-0145||3||Lesh||Core|
|Culturally diverse readings in world literature from c. 1600 to the present.||ENGL 2217||EA||12580||Hon World Literature after 1600||TR||0800-0915||3||Salerno||Core|
|Culturally diverse readings in world literature from c. 1600 to the present.||ENGL 2217||EA1||12999||Hon World Literature after 1600||TR||0930-1045||3||Salerno||Core|
|Spatial and locational context for analyzing change in the contemporary world, including elements of both physical and cultural environments.||GEOG 1017||001||12104||Hon Global Geography||MWF||1000-1050||3||Brysch||Core|
|Survey of world history since the Industrial Revolution.||HIST 1027||001||16301||Hon World History II||MWF||1000-1050||3||Mishra||Core|
|Survey of world history since the Industrial Revolution.||HIST 1027||EA1||10681||Hon World History II||TR||0930-1045||3||Hamilton||Core|
|Survey of world history since the Industrial Revolution.||HIST 1027||EA2||13294||Hon World History II||TR||1230-0145||3||Hamilton||Core|
|Survey of the role of technology in history from prehistoric times to the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.||HIST 1227||001||13418||Hon Tech and Civ II||MWF||0100-0150||3||Meyer||Core|
|Orientation in the art of listening. Outstanding composers and musical composition. No previous music training required.||MUSI 2737||EA1||11540||Hon Appreciation of Music||TR||1100-1215||3||DeGoti||Core|
|Orientation in the art of listening. Outstanding composers and musical composition. No previous music training required.||MUSI 2737||EA2||13933||Hon Appreciation of Music||TR||0200-0315||3||Odom||Core|
|Basic logical principles and applications: definition, informal fallacies, categorical logic, elementary propositional logic, analogy, and selected inductive inferences.||PHIL 1017||001||15381||Hon Logic||TR||0200-0315||3||Watkins||Core|
|Basic logical principles and applications: definition, informal fallacies, categorical logic, elementary propositional logic, analogy, and selected inductive inferences.||PHIL 1017||EA1||16167||Hon Logic||MWF||0800-0850||3||Lockhart||Core|
|Major ethical theories from the history of philosophy, their foundations in epistemology and metaphysics, and their extension into social thought.||PHIL 1027||001||11720||Hon Ethics||TR||0930-1045||3||Hamawaki||Core|
|Major ethical theories from the history of philosophy, their foundations in epistemology and metaphysics, and their extension into social thought.||PHIL 1027||EA1||14544||Hon Ethics||TR||1230-0145||3||Lockhart||Core|
|Examination of current trends toward globalization in institutional development to address world problems.||POLI 1057||001||16688||Hon Global Politics and Issues||MWF||0900-0950||3||White||Core|
|Introduction to the various subfields of psychology such as developmental, biological, cognitive, clinical, and social psychology.||PSYC 2017||001||14434||Hon Intro to Psychology||MWF||1100-1150||3||Lazarte||Core|
|Introduction to the various subfields of psychology such as developmental, biological, cognitive, clinical, and social psychology.||PSYC 2017||002||14435||Hon Intro to Psychology||TR||0800-0915||3||Robinson||Core|
|Introduction to the study of aocial and cultural patterns in society.||SOCY 1007||001||18086||Hon Sociology||MWF||1000-1050||3||Ruiz-Junco||Core|
|Introduction to the physical, chemical, and biological principles common to all organisms.||BIOL 1037||EA1||10525||Hon Biology||MWF||0800-0850||W||0100-0250||4||Zanzot||Core|
|Introduction to the physical, chemical, and biological principles common to all organisms.||BIOL 1037||EA2||10526||Hon Biology||MWF||0800-0850||W||0300-0450||4||Zanzot||Core|
|Introduction to the physical, chemical, and biological principles common to all organisms.||BIOL 1037||EA3||12466||Hon Biology||MWF||0800-0850||W||0500-0650||4||Zanzot||Core|
|Introduction to the physical, chemical, and biological principles common to all organisms.||BIOL 1037||EA4||14109||Hon Biology||MWF||1000-1050||W||0100-0250||4||Zanzot||Core|
|Introduction to the physical, chemical, and biological principles common to all organisms.||BIOL 1037||EA5||14110||Hon Biology||MWF||1000-1050||W||0300-0450||4||Zanzot||Core|
|Introduction to the physical, chemical, and biological principles common to all organisms.||BIOL 1037||EA6||14111||Hon Biology||MWF||1000-1050||W||0500-0650||4||Zanzot||Core|
|General chemistry for students in the honors program. Topics similar to CHEM 1120, but covered in more depth.||CHEM 1127||EA1||10319||Hon Gen Chemistry II||MWF||1100-1150||3||Gorden||Core|
|Laboratory experiments emphasizing course material in CHEM 1127.||CHEM 1128||001||10324||Hon Gen Chemistry II Lab||T||1230-0315||1||Gorden||Core|
|Laboratory experiments emphasizing course material in CHEM 1127.||CHEM 1128||002||10326||Hon Gen Chemistry II Lab||T||0330-0615||1||Gorden||Core|
|Laboratory experiments emphasizing course material in CHEM 1127.||CHEM 1128||003||12771||Hon Gen Chemistry II Lab||R||1230-0315||1||Gorden||Core|
|Laboratory experiments emphasizing course material in CHEM 1127.||CHEM 1128||004||13112||Hon Gen Chemistry II Lab||M||0300-0550||1||TBA||Core|
|Organic chemistry for students in the honors program and Chemistry & Biochemistry majors. Topics similar to CHEM 2080, but covered in more depth.||CHEM 2087||001||14407||Hon Organic Chemistry II||MWF||0900-0950||3||TBA||Core|
|Laboratory experiments emphasizing course material in CHEM 2087 . Additional credit will not be given for CHEM 2081 .||CHEM 2088||001||14416||Hon Organic Chemistry II Lab||T||0330-0620||1||Ruychev||Core|
|Laboratory experiments emphasizing course material in CHEM 2087 . Additional credit will not be given for CHEM 2081 .||CHEM 2088||002||14417||Hon Organic Chemistry II Lab||W||1200-0250||1||Ruychev||Core|
|General physical geology for Honors students and Geology majors.||GEOL 1107||001||15819||Hon Dynamic Earth||MWF||1000-1050||Hawkins||Core|
|General physical geology lab for Honors students and for Geology majors.||GEOL 1108||001||15820||Hon Dynamic Earth Lab||W||0500-0650||Hawkins||Core|
|The same material as MATH 1620, but in greater depth appropriate for honors students.||MATH 1627||090||13084||Hon Calculus II||MWF||0900-0950||T||0930-1020||4||TBA||Core|
|The same material as MATH 1620, but in greater depth appropriate for honors students.||MATH 1627||100||10530||Hon Calculus II||MWF||1000-1050||R||0930-1020||4||TBA||Core|
|The same material as MATH 1620, but in greater depth appropriate for honors students.||MATH 1627||110||14879||Hon Calculus II||MWF||1100-1150||T||1100-1150||4||TBA||Core|
|The same material as MATH 1620, but in greater depth appropriate for honors students.||MATH 2637||090||13098||Hon Calculus III||MWF||0900-0950||T||0930-1020||4||TBA||Core|
|Honors version of PHYS 1610 . Membership in the Honors College or Departmental approval required. Recommended for Physics majors. Math at the level of MATH 1620 or higher is expected, at least concurrently.||PHYS 1617||001||10948||Hon Physics II||MWF||0900-0950||R||1230-0320||4||Comes||Core|
|Honors version of PHYS 1610 . Membership in the Honors College or Departmental approval required. Recommended for Physics majors. Math at the level of MATH 1620 or higher is expected, at least concurrently.||PHYS 1617||002||10949||Hon Physics II||MWF||0900-0950||R||0330-0620||4||Comes||Core|
|Honors version of PHYS 1610 . Membership in the Honors College or Departmental approval required. Recommended for Physics majors. Math at the level of MATH 1620 or higher is expected, at least concurrently.||PHYS 1617||003||12699||Hon Physics II||MWF||0900-0950||R||0700-0950||4||Comes||Core|
|Interdisciplinary course which presents major scientific concepts in physical and biological sciences.||SCMH 1017||001||17331||Hon Concepts of Science||TR||0800-0915||4||TBA||Core|
|From an interdisciplinary perspective, this course examines the intersections of technology & technology & culture in a variety of social, historical, professional, and global settings.||HONR 1017||001||13055||Hon Technology and Culture II||MWF||1100-1150||3||Plasketes||Interdisciplinary|
|Sustainability and social responsibility provide a framework for the study of cultural, commercial, and aesthetic factors influencing the selection and usage of consumer products and services that create and express social identity.||CADS 2007||EA1||13864||Hon Global Consumer Cul||MWF||1200-1250||3||Presley||Departmental|
|Review of grammatical structures, development of reading and writing skills, and increased understanding of Hispanic cultures.||FLSP 2017||001||18260||Honors Intermed Spanish I||MWF||0900-0950||4||Holland||Departmental|
|Continued review of grammatical structures, development of reading and writing skills, and increased understanding of Hispanic cultures||FLSP 2027||001||16532||Honors Intermed Spanish II||MWF||1100-1150||4||Holland||Departmental|
|Principles of human nutrition and food choices related to the health of individuals. Topics similar to NTRI 2000 but covered in greater depth with classroom discussion of controversial topics.||NTRI 2007||EA1||13653||Honors Nutrition and Health||MWF||1100-1150||3||Greene||Departmental|
|Designed for those in academic jeopardy, this course assists students in identifying issues impacting academic success and developing strategies to affect positive change.||UNIV 1067||HON||15822||Honors Success Strategies II||MW||0200-0250||TBA||Departmental|
|This course and its interdisciplinary scope is designed to facilitate the recognition, understanding, utilization, and appreciation of the basic theories, approaches, concepts, topics, and issues within popular culture, and their critical connections to the various communication processes.||HONR 3007||001||13684||Honors Seminar: Pop Culture||MW||0200-0315||3||Plasketes||Seminars|
|Science and technology have played important parts in making the modern world we live in. The modern world has also shaped science and technology. Since the world of science and technology is our world, we take much of it for granted until something unexpected happens, like the lights go out or a controversy over scientific knowledge gains traction. In this seminar we will study many of these taken-for-granted features of science and technology, how they relate to culture, and how this can supply insights for policy-makers, scientists, engineers, citizens, and users.||HONR 3007||002||13677||Honors Seminar: Sociology of Science and Tech||MWF||1000-1050||3||Cousineau||Seminars|
|This interdisciplinary class provides students an opportunity to examine the ecology underlying the provision of environmental services, their connection to livelihoods and human well-being, and the political and market mechanisms designed to provide for their conservation and enhancement.||HONR 3007||003||18349||Honors Seminar: Environmental Services||TR||0200-0315||3||Morse||Seminars|
|This seminar is meant for students who would have had at least one semester-long internship that was paid or unpaid. The focus of the seminar will be on the personal journey to embark on and partake in an internship and unpacking the impact of the internship on the student’s future.||HONR 3007||004||18350||Honors Seminar: Internship Experiences||TBA||TBA||3||Thomas||Seminars|
|Same as for HONR 3007 004 except that the internship was completed outside of the United State of America.||HONR 3007||005||18352||Honors Seminar: Global Internship Experiences||TBA||TBA||3||Thomas||Seminars|
|Students that have completed at least one semester of co-op or practicum in their area of study. In this course students will delve into connections between theory and the real world and, most importantly, the key lessons learned in career readiness from the experience.||HONR 3007||006||18353||Honors Seminar: Co-op Practicum Experiences||TBA||TBA||3||Thomas||Seminars|
|Diversity and inclusion of other cultures and the growth that comes from such is what this seminar attempts to uncover. Students will delve into how their views, beliefs, values, and cultural competencies were challenged and/or cemented based on the study abroad experience.||HONR 3007||007||18354||Honors Seminar: Study Abroad Experiences||TBA||TBA||3||Thomas||Seminars|
|Seminar involves critical reading and research in advanced topics having both intra- and interdisciplinary implications and applications.||HONR 3007||008||18476||Honors Seminar: Peer Tutoring||TBA||TBA||3||Sippial||Seminars|
|This course provides a platform for students that have been actively involved in community service for a number of semesters to aggregate the impact of that community service work. Students will explore the impact of their work on the service agency as well as the impact of the service on them.||HONR 3007||009||18487||Honors Seminar: Sustained Community Service||TBA||TBA||3||Thomas||Seminars|
|This course allows students the opportunity to focus on unique projects--such as starting a new campus organization, designing a new service project, or launching an entrepreneurial endeavor—as part of their student experience.||HONR 3007||010||18535||Honors Seminar: Special Honors Project||TBA||TBA||3||Thomas||Seminars|
|Seminar involves critical reading and research in advanced topics having both intra- and interdisciplinary implications and applications.||HONR 3007||012||18692||Honors Seminar: WoS Special Project||TBA||TBA||3||Thomas||Seminars|
|Directed research in an area of speciality within a specified area.||HONR 3987||001||14369||Honors Research Seminar: Genomics and Personalized Med||M||0200-0430||3||Tao||Seminars|
|Directed research in an area of speciality within a specified area.||HONR 3987||003||18609||Honors Research Seminar: RESTORE||TBA||TBA||3||Sippial||Seminars|
|This is a new version of the Apogee Project that is being offered Spring 2019. The Apogee Project is 3 credit hours and counts as an academic course in the Honors curriculum. This course does count towards the Senior Year Experience and students will work one-on-one with the course instructor to fulfill course requirements.||HONR 4007||002||18503||Honors Apogee Project||TBA||TBA||3||TBA||Seminars|
|This course is intended for students near the end of their Auburn University and Honors College experiences. In this course students will create their Honors ePortfolio as their capstone or culminating experience. Here students will dissect every Honors College course and experience that they had during their time in the Auburn University Honors College and hopefully find some connective threads.||HONR 4007||01||17724||Honors Apogee Project: Honors ePortfolio||TBA||TBA||3||Thomas||Seminars|
|Concentrated study in US or abroad.||HONR 3087||003||17252||Hon Study and Travel: Cuba||M||TBA||3||Sippial||Study & Travel|
|Concentrated study in US or abroad.||HONR 3087||004||18357||Hon Study and Travel: New York||M||0400-0450||3||Bringardner||Study & Travel|
|Colloquium that introduces new Honors College students to the College and helps students become better informed about its resources and services.||HONR 1077||001||13055||Hon Freshmen Exploration||R||1100-1150||1||Stone||Participation|
|Colloquium that introduces new Honors College students to the College and helps students become better informed about its resources and services.||HONR 1077||002||16725||Hon Freshmen Exploration||T||0100-0150||1||Stone||Participation|
|Moderated discussions of significant ideas found in recent reowned books. Each discussion group is led by an experienced teacher or university leader.||HONR 2087||001||14498||Honors Book Club||M||0330-0420||1||Housel||Participation|
|Moderated discussions of significant ideas found in recent reowned books. Each discussion group is led by an experienced teacher or university leader.||HONR 2087||002||14984||Honors Book Club||M||0400-0450||1||Good||Participation|
|Moderated discussions of significant ideas found in recent reowned books. Each discussion group is led by an experienced teacher or university leader.||HONR 2087||003||17540||Honors Book Club||F||1000-1050||Israel||Participation|
|HONR 2087||004||16099||Honors Book Club||W||0100-0150||Bohanan||Participation|
|HONR 2087||005||18355||Honors Book Club||R||0330-0420||Rush||Participation|
|HONR 2087||006||18356||Honors Book Club||M||0200-0250||Kicklighter||Participation|
|HONR 2087||007||18592||Honors Book Club||TBA||TBA||TBA||Participation|
|Weekly academic lectures followed by discussion and interaction.||HONR 1087||001||14597||Hon Lyceum: Service Learning||T||0200-0315||1||Hunter||Participation|
|Weekly academic lectures followed by discussion and interaction.||HONR 1087||002||13092||Hon Lyceum: Research at Auburn||R||0200-0315||1||Moguel||Participation|
|Weekly academic lectures followed by discussion and interaction.||HONR 1087||003||14595||Hon Lyceum: Horseshoe Farms Tutoring||M||0330-0445||1||Moguel||Participation|
|Weekly academic lectures followed by discussion and interaction.||HONR 1087||004||14596||Hon Lyceum: 2019 Week of Service Planning||F||1000-1050||1||Thomas||Participation|
|Weekly academic lectures followed by discussion and interaction.||HONR 1087||A||18603||Hon Lyceum: CEO Fellows||TBA||TBA||1||Sippial||Participation|
|Attendance at co-curricular events held in and around the Auburn campus and community.||HONR 2077||001||14368||Honors Forum||TBA||TBA||1||Thomas||Participation|
|Attendance at co-curricular events held in and around the Auburn campus and community.||HONR 2077||002||14481||Honors Forum||TBA||TBA||1||Thomas||Participation|
Last modified: November 1, 2018